TOTAL LAND AREA
The total land area of Japan is approximately 378,000 square kilometers,that is about one twenty-fifth of that the United States or China.It is much smaller than the state of California and about the same size as Germany or Vietnam.
Japan is an archipelago stretching a total of 3,500 kilometers from northeast to southwest.Tokyo,located nearly in the middle of the archipelago,lies at 140 degrees east longitude and 36 degrees north latitude.The latitude of Tokyo is about the same as that of North Carolina in the United States,that of Tsingtao in China,and that of the south of Italy.London is located further north than the northern end of Japan.
TOPOGRAPHY AND LAND USE
Japan is an arc-shaped archipelago consisting of four main islands,Hokkaido,Honshu,Shikoku,and there are,in total,more than 6,000 islands.Nearly 70 %of the land in Japan is mountains and forests,and flat areas are limited.About 12.2 % of the land is used for agriculture and only 4% of it is for residential use.Although Japan is known as one of the most industrialized nations in the world,the land used for industrial purposes is a mere 0.4%.
MOUNTAINS AND RIVERS
The highest mountains in Japan is undoubtedly the famous Mt.Fuji,at 3,776 meters in height.The longest river in Japan is the Shinano,which is 367 kilometers in length.By comparison,Mt.Everest,the highest mountain in the world,is 8,848 meters in height and the Amazon,the longest river in the world,is 6,520 kilometers long.
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